Ishtar journal of economics and business studies <p><strong><em>Ishtar Journal of Economics and Business Studies</em> (IJEBS)</strong> ISSN (<strong>2708-6186</strong>) is a peer-reviewed journal focused in the publication of empirical and theoretical papers in every field of Economics.</p> <p>Contributions which make use of the methods of mathematics, statistics, econometrics and operations research will be welcomed.</p> <p>In line with this strategic objective we aim to achieve a high level of scientific quality, without depreciating the clarity of expression, helping to develop a comprehensive communication between the different lines of expertise existing within Applied Economics, facilitating the dialogue and reciprocal understanding.</p> <p>We seek quality assurance through:</p> <ul> <li>A comprehensive editorial board with participation of over thirty universities and other research centers, national, Asain, European, African , North American and Latin American.</li> <li>A selection of articles through the usual procedure implemented in major international journals: double blind evaluation procedure.</li> </ul> <p>In order to achieve a widespread diffusion of ideas:</p> <ul> <li>IJEBS requests associate editors, reveiwers and authors to pay an attention to the clarity of expression in communicating the results of their work to the scientific community members belonging to different methodological traditions within the field of Business , Finance and Economics.</li> <li>IJEBS includes surveys of topics of special relevance.</li> <li>IJEBS complements the printed edition with an electronic edition that provides a fast and flexible access to different members of the scientific community. IJEBS is an Open Access journal. The published articles have a 4 times issues a year . </li> </ul> en-US [email protected] (HUSSEIN KADHIM SHARAF) [email protected] (HUSSEIN KADHIM SHARAF) Wed, 22 Mar 2023 09:48:26 +0000 OJS 60 Green Banking: A Literature Review on Profitability and Sustainability Implications <p>the necessity for sustainable development in the financial sector and growing worries about climate change have given rise to the strategic response of green banking (GB). This study examines how GB contributes to environmental sustainability, bank profitability, and a more environmentally conscious financial climate. GB seeks to lessen the damaging effects that financial activities have on the environment and society by incorporating ecologically and socially responsible practices into banking operations and services. This study examines the potential advantages of GB, such as decreased operating expenses, improved client retention, and access to new markets, as well as the difficulties encountered, such as knowledge gaps, regulatory backing, and initially high costs. This study emphasizes the significance of GB as a catalyst for sustainable development and a tool for reducing the effects of climate change through a thorough literature assessment. In order to secure long-term profitability, environmental stewardship, and social responsibility—all of which eventually contribute to a sustainable and prosperous future—it underlines the necessity for banks and financial institutions to prioritize and adopt GB practices.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Maitham Rabea’ Hadi , Mohammed Faez Hasan, Hakeem Hammood Flayyih, Mustafa Khudhair Hussein Copyright (c) 2023 Ishtar journal of economics and business studies Thu, 23 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A Comprehensive Review of Financial Frictions: Causes, Consequences, and Policy Implications <p>This study presents an extensive evaluation of the existing literature on financial frictions, delving into their fundamental causes, the subsequent consequences on economic systems, and the policy implications aimed at mitigating their adverse impacts. Our objective is to provide a profound understanding of the factors that contribute to the persistence of financial frictions in financial markets, and emphasize the importance of policy interventions in rectifying these market imperfections. To accomplish this, we explore the diverse origins of financial frictions, shedding light on the intricate interactions between market participants, information asymmetry, credit rationing, and regulatory constraints. Furthermore, we analyze the repercussions of these frictions on macroeconomic stability, financial market efficiency, and income distribution. Finally, we discuss the role of policymakers in addressing financial frictions, with a focus on designing effective regulatory frameworks and fostering financial innovation to create a more resilient and inclusive financial system. This comprehensive review intends to serve as a valuable resource for researchers, policymakers, and practitioners seeking to better comprehend the complexities surrounding financial frictions and their far-reaching implications.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Mohammed Faez Hasan, Maitham Rabea Hadi, Hakeem Hammood Flayyih; Waleed Katee Omran Al-Obaidi Copyright (c) 2023 Mohammed Faez Hasan, Maitham Rabea Hadi, Hakeem Hammood Flayyih; Waleed Katee Omran Al-Obaidi Tue, 04 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000